Chapter 3 Solution

Discovering Computer 2011 – Living in a Digital World
Page 183-184
Lecturer : Tri Djoko Wahjono

True/False

  1. The categories of application software are mutually exclusive. (False)
  2. Public-domain software is available to the public for a fee. (False)
  3. To click a button on the screen requires moving the pointer to the button and then pressing and holding down a button on the mouse (usually the right mouse button). (False)
  4. A dialog box is a window that provides information, presents available options, or requests a response. (True)
  5. A font is a name assigned to a specific design of characters. (True)
  6. In a spreadsheet program, a function is a predefined formula that performs common calculations such as adding the values in a group of cells or generating a value such as the time or date. (True)
  7. Computer-aided design (CAD) software is a sophisticated type of application software that assists a professional user in creating engineering, architectural, and scientific designs. (True)
  8. Image stitching is the process of adjusting or enhancing image colors and/or adding special effects such as shadows and glows. (False)
  9. Although many word processing programs include desktop publishing (DTP) software features, users often prefer to create DTP documents using DTP software because of its enhanced features. (True)
  10. Some Web sites require you to download software in order to run their Web applications. (True)
  11. Some communications software is considered system software because it works with hardware and transmission media. (True)
  12. An RSS aggregator includes time-stamped articles, or posts, in a diary or journal format, usually listed in reverse chronological order. (False)

Multiple Choice

  1. A. Packaged software
  2. A. A software suite
  3. B. Project management software
  4. C. Document management
  5. C. Personal DTP software
  6. B. Photo management software
  7. C. Newsgroup/message board
  8. B. E-learning

Matching

  1. Button, i. graphical image activated to cause a specific action to occur
  2. Window, e. rectangular area of the screen that displays data and information
  3. Title bar, j. horizontal space that contains the window’s name
  4. Pasting, b. the process of transferring an item from a clipboard to a specific location in a document
  5. Cell, d. intersection of a row and column in a spreadsheet
  6. Database, l. collection of data organized in a manner that allows access, retrieval, and use of that data
  7. PDF, a. popular file format that document management software uses to save converted documents
  8. Personal finance software, g. simplified accounting program that helps home users and small office/home office users balance their checkbooks, pay bills, track personal income and expenses, set up budgets, manage home inventory, track investments, and evaluate financial plans
  9. Online banking, k. offers access to account balances, provides bill payment services, and allows you to download monthly transactions and statements from the Web directly to your computer
  10. Web app, c. Web site that allows users to access and interact with software from any computer or device that is connected to the Internet

Short Answer

  1. Describe some types of utility programs.
    Utility programs protect a computer against malicious software and unauthorized intrusions, manage files and disks, compress files, play media files, and burn optical discs.
    What is malware?
    A program that acts without a user’s knowledge and deliberately alters the computer’s operations.
  2. What are the features of presentation software?
    Presentation software typically provides a variety of predefined presentation formats that define complementary colors for backgrounds, text, and graphical accents on the
    slides. This software also provides a variety of layouts for each individual slide such as a title slide, a two-column slide, and a slide with clip art, a picture, a chart, a table, or a diagram.
    What types of media might a person use to enhance a presentation?
    Images, photos, video clips, and audio clips.
  3. How is travel and mapping software used?
    Displaying maps by searching for an address, postal code, telephone number, or point
    of interest (such as airports, lodging, and historical sites).
    What are some examples of reference software?
    Encyclopedias, dictionaries, and health/medical guides.
  4. What is computer-based training (CBT)?
    Computer-based training (CBT), also called computer-aided instruction (CAI), is a type of education in which students learn by using and completing exercises with instructional software.
    List a few examples of CBT usage.
    Beginning athletes, for example, use CBT programs to learn the intricacies of baseball, football, soccer, tennis, and golf. The military and airlines use CBT simulations to train pilots to fly in various conditions and environments.
  5. Describe how many Web sites utilize Web-based training.
    Many Web sites offer WBT to the general public. Such training covers a wide range of topics, from how to change a flat tire to creating documents in Word. Many of these Web sites are free. Others require registration and payment to take the complete Web-based course.
    – What are some ways that e-learning enhances communications?

    To enhance communications, e-learning systems also may include video conferencing, e-mail, blogs, wikis, newsgroups, chat rooms, and groupware.
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