Chapter 15 Solution

Discovering Computer 2011 – Living in a Digital World
Page 815-816
Lecturer : Tri Djoko Wahjono


  1. A desktop or mobile application programmer/developer converts the system design into the appropriate computer language, such as Visual Basic, Java, C#, F#, and C11. (True)
  2. A systems analyst specifies, designs, implements, tests, and documents high-quality software in a variety of fields, including robotics, operating systems, animation, and applications. (False)
  3. A storage administrator/analyst installs, maintains, and upgrades storage systems and analyzes an organization’s storage needs. (True)
  4. An IT consultant typically is hired based on computer expertise and provides computer services to his or her clients. (True)
  5. The main difference between a CIS curriculum and an MIS curriculum is that the ratio of business courses to computer courses is greater in a CIS curriculum. (False)
  6. In general, a CS curriculum focuses on theory of programming and operating systems and typically emphasizes application programming instead of system programming. (False)
  7. At some company’s Web sites, job seekers can post a video resume, which enables them to showcase their skills and abilities. (True)
  8. Most certification programs do not require academic coursework. (True)
  9. Application software certification sometimes is called end-user certification. (True)
  10. The Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist (MCTS) certification tests technical expertise in one of several areas including managing and troubleshooting networks using Windows operating systems. (False)

Multiple Choice

  1. A. Chief technology officer (CTO)
  2. C. Data communications analyst/VoIP specialist
  3. C. Articulation agreement
  4. A. Computer information systems (CIS)
  5. D. Chapters throughout the United States, workshops, seminars, conventions, and special interest groups (SIGs)
  6. B. User groups and trade schools
  7. D. Certified Software Development Associate (CSDA)
  8. B. CCNA


  1. E-commerce director, e. supervises the development and execution of Internet or e-commerce systems
  2. Database analyst, d. uses data modeling techniques and tools to analyze, tune, and specify data usage within an application area
  3. Technical writer, j. works with the analyst, programmer, and user to create system documentation and user materials
  4. Technical lead, g. guides design, development, and maintenance tasks
  5. Database administrator, h. creates and maintains a data dictionary and monitors database performance
  6. Desktop publisher/ compositor, b. formats and combines text and graphics to produce publication-ready materials
  7. Quality assurance specialist, f. reviews programs and documentation to ensure they meet the organization’s standards
  8. Webmaster/Web administrator, i. maintains an organization’s Web site; creates or helps users create Web pages; oversees Web site performance
  9. Corporate trainer, a. teaches employees how to use software, design and develop systems, program, and perform other computer-related activities
  10. Chief security officer (CSO), c. responsible for physical security of an organization’s property and people

Short Answer

  1. What is an advantage of attending a trade school?
    The advantage is Time Savings, Trade schools teach specific skills instead of requiring students take a  broad range of courses in the sciences and humanities. For this reason, students often  complete trade school programs in a shorter time than college and university programs.
    What factors should you consider when selecting a trade school?
    We should consider that the trade school has an articulation agreement with a nearby college or university. An  articulation agreement ensures that if you transfer to a college or university, you will receive credit for most of the courses taken at your current school. When deciding on a trade school, we should also compare curricula, laboratory facilities, instructors, and the types of jobs the school’s graduates have obtained.
  2. What are the benefits of professional growth and continuing education?
    The benefits are getting the latest information about new products and services in the computer industry that would be distributed into society for example: equipment, hardware, software, and issues affecting the computer industry.
    What are some ways you can keep up to date about industry trends and technologies?
    Some ways are attending some activities such as workshop, seminars, conference, conventions, and trade shows. And keep up to date by regularly surfing the internet about computer industry.
  3. How should you go about choosing a certification?
    Firstly reflect on your career goals and interest, then asses your background knowledge and experience. Finally research certifications to find those that best match your needs.
    Describe four options for preparing for certification.
    * Self-study: Flexible self-study programs help professionals prepare for certification at their own pace and supplement other training methods.
    * Online training classes: Online training allows students to set their own pace in an interactive environment and combines the technological advantages of computer-based training with the connectivity of the Internet or a company’s intranet.
    * Instructor-led training: Instructor-led training is available in a variety of forms, including seminars, which typically are held for several days during a week; boot camps, which immerse students in intensive course work for up to two weeks; and academic style classes, which span a period of several weeks or months.
    * Web resources: The certification sponsor’s Web site generally contains descriptions of the available certifications, with FAQs and links to authorized training and testing centers. Many include detailed course objectives, training guides, sample test questions, chat rooms, and discussion groups.
  4. What is the focus of programmer/developer certification, and what other types of certification are beneficial to those interested in programmer/developer certification?
    The focus of the certification is to ensure the programmers/developers are competent enough as a programmer/developer. Other types of certification that are also beneficial are Networking and Web design certification.
    – Who might be interested in programmer/developer certification?
    Java programmers, Mobile application developers, Oracle database managers, Programming consultants, SQL programmers, Web software developers, XML developers.
  5. – Describe hardware certification.
    Hardware certifications vary in scope from a narrow focus with an emphasis on the repair of a specific device to an integrated hardware solution that addresses a company’s current and future computing needs. Obtaining an advanced certification in hardware implies that you have achieved a standard of competence in assessing a company’s hardware needs, and you can implement solutions to help the company achieve its computing goals.
    – Who might be interested in hardware certification?
    Cable installation technicians, Computer repair technicians, Corporate trainers, Help desk specialists, IT consultants, System engineers and administrators.

Application software certification sometimes is called end-user certification.

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